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  • Beneficial use

    This term is often used in respect of the useful disposal of vast volumes of water generated during coal seam gas extraction.Often following treatment, optimum disposal paths are those that provide values through irrigation, livestock watering, industrial applications or release to water courses in a manner that benefits the environment.

  • Brine

    A concentrated saline solution.

  • Build Own Operate (BOO)

    Build Own Operate - a contract option under which Osmoflo finances, builds, operates and maintains a plant with the client paying usage charges.

  • BWRO

    Brackish water reverse osmosis

  • Concentrate

    Concentrate or RO concentrate is the water containing salts or particulate from the treatment processes that has no beneficial use. Also referred to as reject water

  • Demineralised water

    Water of exceptionally high purity from which all salts and minerals have been removed.

  • Desalination

    The removal of salts from a solution.

  • Dialysis water

    High purity water used for kidney dialysis.

  • Direct feed

    A water source that is fed directly to the reverse osmosis process without pre-treatment.

  • Electro-deionisation (EDI)

    Production of ultra high purity water using semi permeable membranes and direct current.

  • Filter media

    Materials such as activated carbon, charcoal, sand and resins used in water filtration.

  • Gigalitre (GL)

    1,000 megalitres

  • Green Energy

    Energy that has been sourced from environmentally friendly sources, such as hydro, solar and wind. Also referred to as renewable energy.

  • High recovery

    A system which enables a high percentage of water that enters the process to finish up as treated water. Sometimes this can be greater than 90% of process water.

  • Industrial water

    Water used by industry in wide-ranging applications generally related to production.

  • Ion exchange

    Ion exchange or ion demineralisation is a demineralisation process using high pressure vessels which make use of resins for absorbtion of salts and minerals in the production of ultra high purity water.

  • Kilolitre (kL)

    1,000 litres

  • Megalitre (ML)

    1,000 kilolitres. Equivalent amount of water to fill an olympic swimming pool.

  • Membrane

    A molecular filter used in the separation process.

  • Membrane Bioreactor (MBR)

    Membrane bioreactor is a microfiltration technology used for the treatment of municipal and industrial wastewater to produce water suitable for discharge into environmental water ways or to be reclaimed for irrigation purposes. It does this by removing suspended solids.

  • Membrane seperation technology

    The use of thin barriers (membranes) between miscible fluids for separating a mixture.

  • Micro - filtration

    Removal of particulate within the 0.1 - 1 micron range through the use of a microporous membrane.

  • Multi-media filtration

    Removal of course particulate within the 20-25 micron range.

  • Nano-filtration

    A membrane based process that gives a level of filtration greater than 0.001 microns.

  • Osmosis

    The natural process that occurs when water flows spontaneously from a purer solution through a semi-permeable membrane into a more concentrated solution.

  • Parametric

    A parametric drawing is linked directly to the model. As the model changes, the drawing up dates automatically to reflect the change.

  • Particulate

    Fine sands, decayed vegetable matter and other such detritus commonly found in water.

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  • Permeate

    Treated water after the reverse osmosis process.

  • Pilot plant

    A mini plant which mimics the performance of a full scale facility in evaluation and testing trials.

  • PlantConnect

    Osmoflo's proprietary remote control and monitoring system.

  • Potable water

    Water suitable for drinking and general household use.

  • Pre-filtration

    A process to remove particulate from 'raw' water prior to the reverse osmosis treatment stage. This can involve passage through media such as sand and gravel, or can be membrane based.

  • Process Design

    Activities involved in determining the technical, engineering and implementation requirements for specific water treatment applications and processes.

  • Process water

    Water used in industrial or manufacturing processes.

  • Raw water

    Water prior to treatment - also known as feed water or intake water.

  • Recycled water

    In the context of Osmoflo's business, recycled water, also called reuse water, refers to wastewater that has been collected and treated to a quality standard that enables it for a specific purpose. Examples include cooling water for power generation, irrigation, beneficial release to the environment.

  • Reject water

    Water containing salts or particulate from the treatment process that has no beneficial use. Also referred to as RO concentrate.

  • Reuse water

    In the context of Osmoflo's business, reuse water, also called recycled water, refers to wastewater that has been collected and treated to a quality standard that enables its reuse for a specific purpose. Examples include cooling water for power generation, irrigation and beneficial release to the environment.

  • Reverse Osmosis (RO)

    A separation process in which a membrane acts as a molecular filter to remove dissolved salts from fliud.

  • Source water

    Water extracted from a particular location such as ground water, aquifers, rivers or the sea.

  • SWRO

    Sea water reverse osmosis

  • Two-pass

    A second stage in the reverse osmosis system that enables a high recovery to occur.

  • Ultra-filtration

    Enables removal of particles within 0.001 - 0.01 micron range through the use of a microporous membrane.

  • Wastewater

    Water that is discharged to sewers or other collection points following its use in households or during indusrial processes. Water collected during mining or oil & gas extraction processes is also referred to as wastewater. There is a growing emphasis on treating wastewater enabling its reuse.

  • Water purification

    The removal of undesirable materials and contaminants from source water to improve quality to a standard that makes the water suitable for specific purposes, for example potable use, food processing and mineral processing.

  • Water treatment

    This is a generic term describing the many and varied processes used to make water suitable for specific purposes. Examples range from filtration of fresh water to remove sediments and make it suitable for potable use to complex reverse osmosis processes allied with other treatments to remove salts and other contaminants. Apart from desalination, such processes are often used to treat wastewater making it suitable for reuse for irrigation, environmental and industrial purposes.